It has indeed been proved time after time that soil is one of nature’s many ways of supporting lives on earth. It is not only a safe haven for the roots and trees but for humans too.
Suppose we begin explaining the hook and crannies of the dedications and services that soil provides to us, animals, and all other living organisms on this planet. In that case, we will fall into an endless loop of gratefulness.
Nevertheless, since industrialization, companies and industries are given no other choice but to remove such base elements off the earth, known as soil erosion.
But, what is soil erosion? Let’s read more to know all the complexities, effects, causes, and possible soil erosion solutions.
Causes of Soil Erosion:
Removal of soil material like vegetation is an aged-old practice done by companies and industrialists to proceed with their infrastructure plans and projects. This persistent interference with the soil and its sole properties by humans, water, or even the wind is the sole cause of soil erosion.
Even though there is enough awareness on the matter, the rate of soil erosion is swiftly rising every year. At this alarming rate, environmental characteristics are at a steep fall with unfortunate instability in preventive measures.
- Water Influences – Due to gravity doing its job, water can interfere and dislocate, remove and transport soil particles that aren’t meant to move around. Along with contributions of rainfall, the stress in soil particles spikes immeasurably.
A few other generic triggers under the water influences are splash erosion, rill erosion, sheet erosion, and tunnel erosion.
- Wind Influences – As with higher velocity, the wind’s motion is triggered from every direction. It also wafts away the topsoil, which renders the residual soil inadequate for cultivation. However, it happens in a process of three stages: creeping, saltation, and the last step, suspension, which causes 5-25%, 50-80% and 10% soil loss respectively.
Effects of Soil Erosion:
As the primitive anchor to life, soil disruption affects agriculture, causing soil salinity, nutrient depravity, and irregular soil structure. However, such effects go beyond controlling measure as the soil loses its productive capacities.
Due to such loss, the rise of pollution, clogged waterways, sedimentation in rivers, flood, deterioration of lands leads to lower sustainability of all fish and land animals are endangered. Needless to say, such effects in livestock and agriculture meddle with the livelihoods of people working in those fields. Farmers and their communities depend heavily on agricultural resources. For most, it’s their only origin of income. Thus, soil erosion and its adverse effects aren’t only bounded within the ground but affect us all in a never-ending, unfortunate cycle.
Possible Solutions of Soil Erosion:
Even though with heightened awareness, often the occurrence of soil erosion is uncertain and unpredictable. One of the best plausible actions against extensive erosion and sediment contamination is dust suppressants. Most of the control measures are preventive actions such as these, which prohibit debris from flowing out of the project localities and harming external bodies.
The tug of war seems inevitable between water and wind erosion as dryer atmospheres are more prone to wind erosion and vice versa. In terms of short-term assistance, dust control preventives, which cause a light crust overlay atop the bare soil, can be one of the resolutions. It helps refrain from the occurrence of rain and wind erosion and eliminates the feasibilities of dust lift-offs. Dust suppressive alternatives such as Suppress X, HydroBond, and FobreLoc benefit site workers and the environment.
On the contrary, in long-term profits, vegetation has a firm grip over soil erosion consequences. Revegetation has shown remarkable results in weakening calamities via intense rainfall, flood, or harsh wind developments. Planting trees and vegetation soothes back the soil into its sole purpose and inhibits erosion. This practice is also known as the EcoArmour erosion as it’s described as covering the disturbed land with a renewed blanket of protection.
Extensive projects and planning require coherent task forces to commit to the scene. However, while building and changing the world for the better in industrial ways, we often forget to nurture the ground that’s permitting us to develop so vastly.
Practicing prevention is rather adaptable than suffering the aftermaths and taking up recovery methods later.
Awareness is critical when it comes to soil erosion, but so is engaging in preventive measures. And at this rate of abrupt deterioration in soil conditions, we must know and do rather than be ignorant.