Pinewood is perhaps the most used and known wood. It is due to several factors, including its abundance, its ease of working, and versatility.
It has useful indexes in resistance, contraction and flexion, and impregnability. It does not stand out in any of them, but the combination is usually right.
Some of the most common classes within the world of carpentry are:
Pinewood is a material that is extracted from a tree that bears the same name. It is one of the most used today for its abundance in nature, resistance, lightness, and ease of working with it.
Pine is used mainly to manufacture furniture and other parts of a home, such as doors, windows, floors, and balconies. This wood also has different purposes, in carpentry, in shipbuilding, bridges, fences, walkways, poles, scaffolding, or as fuel in homes and businesses. Get the best pinewood exterior doors on klarfonster.se
Characteristics and properties of Pinewood
Pinewood properties will depend on multiple factors such as the tree’s age, humidity, growth zone, etc.
This wood is characterized mainly because it is a resistant, flexible material for its ease of work and its ability to absorb liquids. As there is an excellent variety of species, we find challenging, semi-hard, or soft pine woods. We are going to know the main properties of this wood.
In the mechanical logging process, we can come across one type of direction or another. For example, the direction according to the growth of the pine can be contemplated.
- Density: The mass and volume of the wood are related to the water content. The thickness in each tree is its own and different characteristic. It is usually measured with humidity conditions of around 12%.
- Toughness: It translates into resistance to scratching, cutting, and everything related to mechanical work in pine wood. This type of wood is easy to work with because it is a versatile material and not too hard.
- Durability: They are considered between little and medium durability against fungi or insects. All the woods of this tree must be treated to improve this characteristic.
- Pine moisture: This property is known as hygroscopicity. It makes wood, under normal conditions, always contain a certain amount of water. The variation of this humidity influences other stuff such as its resistance, ease of working with machines or tools, its vulnerability in the finishes, its calorific power, or its resistance to fungal attack. It depends on the environmental zone in which it is located, where it is cut, or where this type of wood is stored, so will the humidity it acquires.
- Deformability: Depending on the amount of moisture in the wood, the pine will increase or decrease in volume. 30% is the maximum percentage of humidity. From here, the tree stops growing, but if it continues to absorb water, it is deposited in its internal vessels. And then comes the deformation of the tree itself.
- Thermal properties: As with cold, wood contracts, with heat, it will expand more. If there is more temperature, the humidity also decreases.
- Insulation or electricity: If a concrete pine wood is dry, its electrical insulation will increase compared to wet wood.
- Color: Depending on the subspecies, we find a variety of hues in pine.
- Smell: For a pine wood to have a more intense aroma than another, it will depend on the area where this conifer has grown. The same happens with color. The smell of wood is given off significantly when a tree is cut.
- Fiber: Pinewood is made up of cellulose fibers, a substance that makes up the plants’ skeleton, including trees; substances such as water, resins, oils, salts circulate and are stored through it. Wood fiber is a natural thermo-acoustic insulator. In the case of pine, it is characterized by being the straight grain.
- Grain: It comes in medium or medium-coarse grain.