Elevators are commonly used in buildings with four or more floors, where using stairs is either a tiring endeavor, would take too long, or is an inaccessible method for demographics like the disabled community or elderly people. Usually, therefore, they can be found in commercial buildings, but they are becoming increasingly common in residential spaces as well. The differences between the two types are listed below:
Purpose of a Residential Elevator
Residential elevators are almost always only equipped to move people between floors. The maximum weight of the car itself (the metal box which moves between the floors) is usually dictated by an approximate number of people, e.g., maximum capacity is six occupants, even though obviously the weight can vary for each individual. This avoids not only the weight is exceeded but provides the comfortability of an un-cramped space for the passengers.
Purpose of a Commercial Elevator
Commercial elevators also transport people, but usually, a much larger cohort compared to residential. These elevators can also transport cargo and objects, which would usually not be common practice in residential spaces.
A very noticeable difference is that commercial elevators tend to be much larger, which is because they tend to be used by more people in a frequent manner. Residential elevators are designed to carry a few people between a few floors, whereas commercial elevators can span dozens of floors depending on the building. Commercial elevators may also have a set algorithm in order to increase the efficiency of transport, which is unnecessary for residential models. This algorithm takes more people upwards in the morning, when people tend to arrive for work or the opening of the building, and carries more people down at the end of the day near closing time. This sophisticated math is incredibly useful for well-maintained commercial areas with a lot of traffic.
Certain regulations limit the size and weight of elevators, both residential and commercial, though this offers greater potential for commercial ones. All types of elevators must be serviced regularly to avoid accidents, however, and who’s responsibility this is changes depending on whether the building is residential or commercial. ATIS elevator inspections are qualified to investigate both types of elevator and ensure it is functioning correctly and well-maintained. Preventing the build of dust and grime, as well as noticing potential issues can set your mind at ease that accidents are unlikely and not caused by negligence.
Usually, commercial elevators will be much more expensive compared to residential, and this can be for a number of reasons. Commercial elevators may put more effort and money into the design of the elevator, especially in the case of hotels or shopping malls, which can match the interior design of the building. Commercial elevators are also bigger and may need to travel a longer distance, making them expensive to install.
For such a commonly used mechanism, the intricacies of an elevator’s make-up can be fascinating to observe, especially if you know what to look for.